The following and additional information can be found in the LDA's LymeR Primer brochure.
>Babesiosis -A parasitic malaria-like illness caused by a protozoa, sometimes fatal in the elderly or those with no spleen. May be more severe in patients with coexisting Lyme. Symptoms include fever, chills, fatigue, headache, muscle pain, and anemia. Treatment may be atovaquone with azithromycin or clyndamycin and oral quinine.
>Bartonella-Illness caused by an intracellular bacteria that can be transmitted either by a cat bite or scratch, or a tick bite. When present in combination with Lyme disease, atypical presentations may result including visual problems, headaches, signifigant lymph node enlargement, resistant neurological deficits, and the new onset of a seizure disorder. Diagnosis is made by acute and convalecent antibody titers (IFA) and by PCR (DNA) analysis. Treatment may be tetracycline and quinolone.
>Ehrlichiosis-Human monocytic ehrlichiosis is caused by Ehrlichia (E.) chaffeensis. Human granulocytic ehrlichiosis, renamed anaplasmosis, is caused by Anaplasma phagacytophilum. Symptoms include fever, malaise, headaches, chills, severe muscle aches, vomiting, anemia, lung infection, decreased white blood cells, and platelets, elevated liver enzymes, seizures, encephalopathy, meningitis, confusion, ataxia, and cranial nerve palsy. Co-infection with Lyme can cause more severe symptoms. Treatment is with doxycycline.
>Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever-Cause by a parasite. Symptoms include headaches, myalgia, and a charecteristic rash usually beginning on wrists, ankles, palms, and soles of feet. Treatment is with tetracycline.
>Multiple Virus Types-Many whose effects are unknown.